Turkmenistan

Flag of Turkmenistan
PROFILE
  • Area: 488,100 sq. km (188,456 sq. mi.)
  • Population: 5,291,317 (2016 est.)
  • Population growth rate: 1.13% (2016 est.)
  • Life expectancy: 70.1 years (2016)
  • Languages: Turkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%
  • Religions: Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
  • Alternate names: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic, Türkmenistan, Turkmenskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika
  • Government type: presidential republic; highly authoritarian
  • Leaders: chief of state and head of government: President Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW
  • Capital: Ashgabat
  • Administrative divisions: 5 provinces and 1 independent city
  • GDP per capita (PPP): $16,400 (2015 est.)
  • Exports: gas, crude oil, petrochemicals, textiles, cotton fiber
  • Imports: machinery and equipment, chemicals, foodstuffs
  • Currency: Turkmen manat (TMM)
ACCOMMODATION

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